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PHP vs Node.js Which Backend Technology is Better for your Project?

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[前端(javascript) 所属分类 前端(javascript) | 发布者 店小二05 | 时间 2018 | 作者 红领巾 ] 0人收藏点击收藏

Node.js was introduced in 2009, extending the purview of javascript the old friendly frontend language. Since then, the number of its users have been proliferating like a wildfire; and today, with the behemoths likeNetflix, LinkedIn and Uber singing the praise of Node.js, it has become the fastest growing backend technology.

But before Node.js, the scene was entirely different.php was the undisputed ruler of server-side since the good old days of the web and it has been immensely successful!

Today, developers around the globe are using both of these technologies for different projects. Many advocates Node.js is the future of web development while many argue server side is the unspoken domain PHP. So, in this blog, we’ll discuss both the views pros and cons of each and how using one for certain projects can reap you maximum benefit.

PHP Overview

Hypertext Preprocessor or popularly known as PHP is an open-source server-side scripting language. It was developed in 1994, one and a half decade before Node.js by Rasmus Lerdorf. And since then it has been a huge success. A survey by W3Tech revealed that almost 79% of the websites in their data are made using PHP. Further, the ever-increasing popularity of content management systems like WordPress, Drupal, WooCommerce and Shopify portraits how PHP has covered the backend under its wings.


PHP vs Node.js   Which Backend Technology is Better for your Project?
PHP vs Node.js   Which Backend Technology is Better for your Project?

(Source W3Tech)

Node.js Overview

Node.js was created by Ryan Dahl in 2009 which enabled building backend application with javascript rather than using the traditional technologies PHP, C#, python or PERL. This made it possible to build an application with a single language across the stack. Node.js is built on Chrome’s V8 JavaScript engine and known for being asynchronous, event-driven and nonblocking .

PHP vs Node.js The Key Difference Synchronous and Asynchronous

One of the key difference that separates the PHP and Node.js is the way they execute the codes.

PHP has been known for synchronous execution of codes. As per the term suggests this backend language executes the codes in sequence (synchronization), so it doesn’t matter how long a function takes to execute, it won’t move to the next one until it’s completed.

However, Node.js is something opposite of that. It is asynchronous which means it does not execute the codes in sequence. If one function of the code takes time to execute, it will send it to the queue and move on to the next one. Thus, the user does not have to wait until the completion of the previous code.

Frameworks

Ask any developer what is the best thing ever happened to the web development world? The answer would be “frameworks!”

Frameworks have made life easier by speeding up the development process and helping developers to write structured, reusable and maintainable codes. So, while considering between PHP vs Node.js, frameworks play an important role.

When it comes to PHP, there is a huge list of frameworks at your disposal. Just name it Laravel,Codeigniter, Symphony, CakePHP, FuelPHP, Phalcon and the list goes on.

In fact, these frameworks are so popular that they have established their own domain in the web development industry. Each of these frameworks has created a niche of their own. You can even easily find a developer or web development company who has expertise in that particular niche. On the other hand, content management systems such as WordPress, Joomla, Drupal, Magento, WooCommerce and Shopify allow someone with little or no technical knowledge to create and manage blogs and e-commerce websites.

When it comes to Node.js, we see a growing number of frameworks along with its growing community. Although you may not get the options as varied as PHP, some of the some of the well-known frameworks are Express,Meteor.js, DerbyJS and Sails.js

Databases

PHP was created to interact with the traditional/relational database . That’s the reason it works so well with mysql, PostgreSQL and MariaDB.

While Node.js is great for using NoSQL databases such as MongoDB and CouchDB as well as graph database systems like Neo4j with JSON. Although this can be done with PHP too, it is far more convenient with Node.js.

Pros of PHP Designed for Web

PHP was developed specifically for the web, unlike its compeers Java and Python. This means it is intrinsically equipped to work with HTML, servers and database. And this is one the characteristic that has made it a perfect server-side solution. PHP also works perfectly with intensive web applications that require high computing and server-side rendering.

Robust Code Base, Frameworks and Community

PHP has been here for 20+ years now. You know what does that mean? It means you get a massive community. And rich codebase. And documentation. And frameworks!

Selecting PHP for building your website or web application gives you a variety of frameworks and CMS such as WordPress, Joomla, Drupal, Laravel, Symphony and more. These platforms and frameworks also allow you to develop and deploy an e-commerce website or blog efficientlywithout any hassle.

Quick Development

Apart from the rich code base, another thing that PHP is known for is its ease of deployment and compatibility with hosting services. Powering almost 79% of the web in the world and being an industry standard for the past two decades, it supports all physical or virtual servers.

Cons of PHP Maintainability

One of the issues with PHP is that sometimes the maintainability of codes can get worse. The reason being PHP is liable to mix the HTML and language syntax inside the HTML files. Thus, it causes dire issues when extending and adding new functionality.

Speed Issues for Modern Apps

Saying PHP apps are slacker will be extremely wrong. But when it comes to developing modern-day apps like Single Page Applications , Node.js is the first choice of the developers. The reason being JavaScript runs in the browser that makes the execution of small tasks swift and smooth.


PHP vs Node.js   Which Backend Technology is Better for your Project?
Pros Of Node.js Performance and Scalability As discussed above the asynchronous and non-blocking feature of Node.js is what makes it fast as well as enables it to serve numerous concurrent events at a time. By adopingNode.js development, one can build scalable server-side applications that utilize the maximum capacity of the of a CPU device. This is what makes Node.js perfect for real-time applications, single page applic

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