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Setting up constants via proxies

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[前端(javascript) 所属分类 前端(javascript) | 发布者 店小二05 | 时间 2018 | 作者 红领巾 ] 0人收藏点击收藏

In this blog post, a describe a little hack for quickly setting up constants (think enum values, but not wrapped inside a namespace). It is more an educational puzzle than something you should actually use in your code.

As an example, consider the following TypeScript enum (javascript itself does not have enums):

enum MyEnum { foo, bar, baz } assert.equal(MyEnum.foo, 0); assert.equal(MyEnum.bar, 1); assert.equal(MyEnum.baz, 2);

I usually prefer to use strings as enum values, because they are easier to debug:

enum MyEnum { foo='foo', bar='bar', baz='baz' } assert.equal(MyEnum.foo, 'foo'); assert.equal(MyEnum.bar, 'bar'); assert.equal(MyEnum.baz, 'baz'); A pure JavaScript solution

You can achieve something similar in JavaScript as follows.

const keyProxy = new Proxy({}, { get(_target, propKey, _receiver) { return propKey; } }); const {foo, bar, baz} = keyProxy; assert.equal(foo, 'foo'); assert.equal(bar, 'bar'); assert.equal(baz, 'baz');

How does it work? We combine two ingredients to achieve this effect.

First, the proxy is an object where, whatever key you use to read a property, you always get that key as a value:

assert.equal(keyProxy.hello, 'hello'); assert.equal(keyProxy.world, 'world');

Second, using property value shorthands during destructuring lets us specify both a property key and a variable name at the same time. That is, the following two declarations are equivalent.

const {foo, bar, baz} = keyProxy; const {foo: foo, bar: bar, baz: baz} = keyProxy; Symbols as values for the constants

If you use symbols as values for the constants, you get more type safety. The only line of the proxy that changes is line A.

const keyProxy = new Proxy({}, { get(_target, propKey, _receiver) { return Symbol(propKey); // (A) } }); const {foo, bar, baz} = keyProxy; assert.equal(typeof foo, 'symbol'); assert.equal(String(foo), 'Symbol(foo)'); Chapter “ Metaprogramming with proxies ” in “Exploring ES6” Chapter “ Destructuring ” in “Exploring ES6”

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tags: foo,bar,equal,assert,baz,MyEnum,keyProxy,const,enum,propKey,values
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