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Oracle 10g DG 数据文件迁移的实现

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[数据库(综合) 所属分类 数据库(综合) | 发布者 店小二05 | 时间 | 作者 红领巾 ] 0人收藏点击收藏
背景:某客户Oracle 10g 的DG由于空间不足,之前将部分数据文件迁移到其他目录,如今原目录扩容成功,要将之前迁移的数据文件再次迁移回来。
 环境:Oracle 10.2.0.5 DG 单机

首先想到的是10gDG是在mount模式下应用的,在测试环境可以很容易的模拟下这个需求实现的过程:

1.查询当前DG的状态
2.停止DG应用
3.备份copy副本到新目录并切换
4.删除之前的目录并开启应用

1.查询当前DG的状态
查询当前DG的状态:

Connected to:
Oracle Database 10g Enterprise Edition Release 10.2.0.5.0 - 64bit Production
With the Partitioning, OLAP, Data Mining and Real Application Testing options
SQL> select name, database_role, open_mode from gv$database;
NAME DATABASE_ROLE OPEN_MODE
--------- ---------------- ----------
JY PHYSICAL STANDBY MOUNTED
SQL> select recovery_mode from v$archive_dest_status;
RECOVERY_MODE
-----------------------
MANAGED REAL TIME APPLY
IDLE
IDLE
IDLE
IDLE
IDLE
IDLE
IDLE
IDLE
IDLE
IDLE
11 rows selected.
SQL> select * from v$dataguard_stats;
NAME VALUE UNIT TIME_COMPUTED
---------------------------------- ---------------------------------------------------------------- ------------------------------ ------------------------------
apply finish time +00 00:00:00.0 day(2) to second(1) interval 05-MAY-2018 10:04:20
apply lag +00 00:00:12 day(2) to second(0) interval 05-MAY-2018 10:04:20
estimated startup time 41 second 05-MAY-2018 10:04:20
standby has been open N 05-MAY-2018 10:04:20
transport lag +00 00:00:00 day(2) to second(0) interval 05-MAY-2018 10:04:20
可以看到DG处于正常应用状态。
2.停止DG应用
停止DG应用:

SQL> alter database recover managed standby database cancel;
Database altered.
3.备份copy副本到新目录并切换
3.1 确认需要迁移的数据文件
查看当前的数据文件,确认将9,10,11三个文件迁移回原来的目录:

SQL> select file#, name from v$datafile;
FILE# NAME
---------- -------------------------------------------------------
1 /oradata/jy/datafile/system.256.839673875
2 /oradata/jy/datafile/undotbs1.258.839673877
3 /oradata/jy/datafile/sysaux.257.839673877
4 /oradata/jy/datafile/users.259.839673877
5 /oradata/jy/datafile/example.267.839673961
6 /oradata/jy/datafile/undotbs2.268.839674103
7 /oradata/jy/datafile/dbs_d_school.276.840618437
8 /oradata/jy/datafile/dbs_cssf_gt.289.848228741
9 /datafile/dbs_data9.dbf
10 /datafile/dbs_data10.dbf
11 /datafile/dbs_data11.dbf
11 rows selected.
3.2 备份相关数据文件副本:
编写脚本:

vi copy_datafile.sh
echo "=======Begin at : `date`=======" >>/tmp/copy_datafile_`date +%Y%m%d`.log
rman target / <<EOF >>/tmp/copy_datafile_`date +%Y%m%d`.log
run {
allocate channel c1 device type disk;
allocate channel c2 device type disk;
allocate channel c3 device type disk;
backup as copy datafile 9 format '/oradata/jy/datafile/dbs_data9.dbf';
backup as copy datafile 10 format '/oradata/jy/datafile/dbs_data10.dbf';
backup as copy datafile 11 format '/oradata/jy/datafile/dbs_data11.dbf';
release channel c1;
release channel c2;
release channel c3;
}
EOF
echo "=======End at : `date`=======" >>/tmp/copy_datafile_`date +%Y%m%d`.log
后台执行脚本:nohup sh copy_datafile.sh &
记录的日志如下:

=======Begin at : Sat May 5 10:51:24 CST 2018=======
Recovery Manager: Release 10.2.0.5.0 - Production on Sat May 5 10:51:24 2018
Copyright (c) 1982, 2007, Oracle. All rights reserved.
connected to target database: JY (DBID=857123342, not open)
RMAN> 2> 3> 4> 5> 6> 7> 8> 9> 10> 11> 12> 13>
using target database control file instead of recovery catalog
allocated channel: c1
channel c1: sid=152 devtype=DISK
allocated channel: c2
channel c2: sid=159 devtype=DISK
allocated channel: c3
channel c3: sid=144 devtype=DISK
Starting backup at 05-MAY-18
channel c1: starting datafile copy
input datafile fno=00009 name=/datafile/dbs_data9.dbf
output filename=/oradata/jy/datafile/dbs_data9.dbf tag=TAG20180505T105125 recid=22 stamp=975322288
channel c1: datafile copy complete, elapsed time: 00:00:03
Finished backup at 05-MAY-18
Starting backup at 05-MAY-18
channel c1: starting datafile copy
input datafile fno=00010 name=/datafile/dbs_data10.dbf
output filename=/oradata/jy/datafile/dbs_data10.dbf tag=TAG20180505T105129 recid=23 stamp=975322292
channel c1: datafile copy complete, elapsed time: 00:00:07
Finished backup at 05-MAY-18
Starting backup at 05-MAY-18
channel c1: starting datafile copy
input datafile fno=00011 name=/datafile/dbs_data11.dbf
output filename=/oradata/jy/datafile/dbs_data11.dbf tag=TAG20180505T105136 recid=24 stamp=975322315
channel c1: datafile copy complete, elapsed time: 00:00:25
Finished backup at 05-MAY-18
released channel: c1
released channel: c2
released channel: c3
RMAN>
Recovery Manager complete.
=======End at : Sat May 5 10:52:02 CST 2018=======
3.3 切换数据文件到copy副本:

RMAN> list copy of database;
using target database control file instead of recovery catalog
List of Datafile Copies
Key File S Completion Time Ckp SCN Ckp Time Name
------- ---- - --------------- ---------- --------------- ----
10 9 A 05-MAY-18 35303533 05-MAY-18 /oradata/jy/datafile/dbs_data9.dbf
11 10 A 05-MAY-18 35303533 05-MAY-18 /oradata/jy/datafile/dbs_data10.dbf
12 11 A 05-MAY-18 35303533 05-MAY-18 /oradata/jy/datafile/dbs_data11.dbf
RMAN> switch datafile 9,10,11 to copy;
datafile 9 switched to datafile copy "/oradata/jy/datafile/dbs_data9.dbf"
datafile 10 switched to datafile copy "/oradata/jy/datafile/dbs_data10.dbf"
datafile 11 switched to datafile copy "/oradata/jy/datafile/dbs_data11.dbf"
4.删除之前的目录并开启应用
4.1 删除之前的文件:

RMAN> list copy of database;
List of Datafile Copies
Key File S Completion Time Ckp SCN Ckp Time Name
------- ---- - --------------- ---------- --------------- ----
13 9 A 05-MAY-18 35309314 05-MAY-18 /datafile/data9.dbf
14 10 A 05-MAY-18 35309314 05-MAY-18 /datafile/data10.dbf
15 11 A 05-MAY-18 35309314 05-MAY-18 /datafile/datafile11.dbf
RMAN> delete copy of datafile 9,10,11;
allocated channel: ORA_DISK_1
channel ORA_DISK_1: sid=146 devtype=DISK
List of Datafile Copies
Key File S Completion Time Ckp SCN Ckp Time Name
------- ---- - --------------- ---------- --------------- ----
13 9 A 05-MAY-18 35309314 05-MAY-18 /datafile/data9.dbf
14 10 A 05-MAY-18 35309314 05-MAY-18 /datafile/data10.dbf
15 11 A 05-MAY-18 35309314 05-MAY-18 /datafile/datafile11.dbf
Do you really want to delete the above objects (enter YES or NO)? yes
deleted datafile copy
datafile copy filename=/datafile/data9.dbf recid=13 stamp=975320371
deleted datafile copy
datafile copy filename=/datafile/data10.dbf recid=14 stamp=975320371
deleted datafile copy
datafile copy filename=/datafile/datafile11.dbf recid=15 stamp=975320371
Deleted 3 objects
4.2 开启日志应用:

SQL> --recover_std_real
SQL> alter database recover managed standby database using current logfile disconnect from session;
Database altered.
SQL> set lines 1000
SQL> select * from v$dataguard_stats;
NAME VALUE UNIT TIME_COMPUTED
-------------------------------- ---------------------------------------------------------------- ------------------------------ ------------------------------
apply finish time +00 00:00:00.0 day(2) to second(1) interval 05-MAY-2018 10:20:56
apply lag +00 00:02:00 day(2) to second(0) interval 05-MAY-2018 10:20:56
estimated startup time 41 second 05-MAY-2018 10:20:56
standby has been open N 05-MAY-2018 10:20:56
transport lag +00 00:00:00 day(2) to second(0) interval 05-MAY-2018 10:20:56
SQL> select recovery_mode from v$archive_dest_status;
RECOVERY_MODE
-----------------------
MANAGED REAL TIME APPLY
IDLE
IDLE
IDLE
IDLE
IDLE
IDLE
IDLE
IDLE
IDLE
IDLE
11 rows selected.

至此,就完成了客户的需求,我们可以多思考一下,如果客户环境是11g的ADG环境呢?会有哪些不同呢?

以上就是本文的全部内容,希望对大家的学习有所帮助,也希望大家多多支持脚本之家。


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