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python使用tensorflow深度学习识别验证码

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[开发(python) 所属分类 开发(python) | 发布者 店小二03 | 时间 | 作者 红领巾 ] 0人收藏点击收藏

本文介绍了python使用tensorflow深度学习识别验证码 ,分享给大家,具体如下:

除了传统的PIL包处理图片,然后用pytessert+OCR识别意外,还可以使用tessorflow训练来识别验证码。

此篇代码大部分是转载的,只改了很少地方。

代码是运行在linux环境,tessorflow没有支持windows的python 2.7。

gen_captcha.py代码。

#coding=utf-8
from captcha.image import ImageCaptcha # pip install captcha
import numpy as np
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
from PIL import Image
import random
# 验证码中的字符, 就不用汉字了
number = ['0', '1', '2', '3', '4', '5', '6', '7', '8', '9']
alphabet = ['a', 'b', 'c', 'd', 'e', 'f', 'g', 'h', 'i', 'j', 'k', 'l', 'm', 'n', 'o', 'p', 'q', 'r', 's', 't', 'u',
'v', 'w', 'x', 'y', 'z']
ALPHABET = ['A', 'B', 'C', 'D', 'E', 'F', 'G', 'H', 'I', 'J', 'K', 'L', 'M', 'N', 'O', 'P', 'Q', 'R', 'S', 'T', 'U',
'V', 'W', 'X', 'Y', 'Z']
'''
number=['0','1','2','3','4','5','6','7','8','9']
alphabet =[]
ALPHABET =[]
'''
# 验证码一般都无视大小写;验证码长度4个字符
def random_captcha_text(char_set=number + alphabet + ALPHABET, captcha_size=4):
captcha_text = []
for i in range(captcha_size):
c = random.choice(char_set)
captcha_text.append(c)
return captcha_text
# 生成字符对应的验证码
def gen_captcha_text_and_image():
while(1):
image = ImageCaptcha()
captcha_text = random_captcha_text()
captcha_text = ''.join(captcha_text)
captcha = image.generate(captcha_text)
#image.write(captcha_text, captcha_text + '.jpg') # 写到文件
captcha_image = Image.open(captcha)
#captcha_image.show()
captcha_image = np.array(captcha_image)
if captcha_image.shape==(60,160,3):
break
return captcha_text, captcha_image

if __name__ == '__main__':
# 测试
text, image = gen_captcha_text_and_image()
print image
gray = np.mean(image, -1)
print gray
print image.shape
print gray.shape
f = plt.figure()
ax = f.add_subplot(111)
ax.text(0.1, 0.9, text, ha='center', va='center', transform=ax.transAxes)
plt.imshow(image)
plt.show()

train.py代码。

#coding=utf-8
from gen_captcha import gen_captcha_text_and_image
from gen_captcha import number
from gen_captcha import alphabet
from gen_captcha import ALPHABET
import numpy as np
import tensorflow as tf
"""
text, image = gen_captcha_text_and_image()
print "验证码图像channel:", image.shape # (60, 160, 3)
# 图像大小
IMAGE_HEIGHT = 60
IMAGE_WIDTH = 160
MAX_CAPTCHA = len(text)
print "验证码文本最长字符数", MAX_CAPTCHA # 验证码最长4字符; 我全部固定为4,可以不固定. 如果验证码长度小于4,用'_'补齐
"""
IMAGE_HEIGHT = 60
IMAGE_WIDTH = 160
MAX_CAPTCHA = 4
# 把彩色图像转为灰度图像(色彩对识别验证码没有什么用)
def convert2gray(img):
if len(img.shape) > 2:
gray = np.mean(img, -1)
# 上面的转法较快,正规转法如下
# r, g, b = img[:,:,0], img[:,:,1], img[:,:,2]
# gray = 0.2989 * r + 0.5870 * g + 0.1140 * b
return gray
else:
return img
"""
cnn在图像大小是2的倍数时性能最高, 如果你用的图像大小不是2的倍数,可以在图像边缘补无用像素。
np.pad(image,((2,3),(2,2)), 'constant', constant_values=(255,)) # 在图像上补2行,下补3行,左补2行,右补2行
"""
# 文本转向量
char_set = number + alphabet + ALPHABET + ['_'] # 如果验证码长度小于4, '_'用来补齐
CHAR_SET_LEN = len(char_set)
def text2vec(text):
text_len = len(text)
if text_len > MAX_CAPTCHA:
raise ValueError('验证码最长4个字符')
vector = np.zeros(MAX_CAPTCHA * CHAR_SET_LEN)
def char2pos(c):
if c == '_':
k = 62
return k
k = ord(c) - 48
if k > 9:
k = ord(c) - 55
if k > 35:
k = ord(c) - 61
if k > 61:
raise ValueError('No Map')
return k
for i, c in enumerate(text):
#print text
idx = i * CHAR_SET_LEN + char2pos(c)
#print i,CHAR_SET_LEN,char2pos(c),idx
vector[idx] = 1
return vector
#print text2vec('1aZ_')
# 向量转回文本
def vec2text(vec):
char_pos = vec.nonzero()[0]
text = []
for i, c in enumerate(char_pos):
char_at_pos = i # c/63
char_idx = c % CHAR_SET_LEN
if char_idx < 10:
char_code = char_idx + ord('0')
elif char_idx < 36:
char_code = char_idx - 10 + ord('A')
elif char_idx < 62:
char_code = char_idx - 36 + ord('a')
elif char_idx == 62:
char_code = ord('_')
else:
raise ValueError('error')
text.append(chr(char_code))
return "".join(text)
"""
#向量(大小MAX_CAPTCHA*CHAR_SET_LEN)用0,1编码 每63个编码一个字符,这样顺利有,字符也有
vec = text2vec("F5Sd")
text = vec2text(vec)
print(text) # F5Sd
vec = text2vec("SFd5")
text = vec2text(vec)
print(text) # SFd5
"""
# 生成一个训练batch
def get_next_batch(batch_size=128):
batch_x = np.zeros([batch_size, IMAGE_HEIGHT * IMAGE_WIDTH])
batch_y = np.zeros([batch_size, MAX_CAPTCHA * CHAR_SET_LEN])
# 有时生成图像大小不是(60, 160, 3)
def wrap_gen_captcha_text_and_image():
while True:
text, image = gen_captcha_text_and_image()
if image.shape == (60, 160, 3):
return text, image
for i in range(batch_size):
text, image = wrap_gen_captcha_text_and_image()
image = convert2gray(image)
batch_x[i, :] = image.flatten() / 255 # (image.flatten()-128)/128 mean为0
batch_y[i, :] = text2vec(text)
return batch_x, batch_y
####################################################################
X = tf.placeholder(tf.float32, [None, IMAGE_HEIGHT * IMAGE_WIDTH])
Y = tf.placeholder(tf.float32, [None, MAX_CAPTCHA * CHAR_SET_LEN])
keep_prob = tf.placeholder(tf.float32) # dropout
# 定义CNN
def crack_captcha_cnn(w_alpha=0.01, b_alpha=0.1):
x = tf.reshape(X, shape=[-1, IMAGE_HEIGHT, IMAGE_WIDTH, 1])
# w_c1_alpha = np.sqrt(2.0/(IMAGE_HEIGHT*IMAGE_WIDTH)) #
# w_c2_alpha = np.sqrt(2.0/(3*3*32))
# w_c3_alpha = np.sqrt(2.0/(3*3*64))
# w_d1_alpha = np.sqrt(2.0/(8*32*64))
# out_alpha = np.sqrt(2.0/1024)
# 3 conv layer
w_c1 = tf.Variable(w_alpha * tf.random_normal([3, 3, 1, 32]))
b_c1 = tf.Variable(b_alpha * tf.random_normal([32]))
conv1 = tf.nn.relu(tf.nn.bias_add(tf.nn.conv2d(x, w_c1, strides=[1, 1, 1, 1], padding='SAME'), b_c1))
conv1 = tf.nn.max_pool(conv1, ksize=[1, 2, 2, 1], strides=[1, 2, 2, 1], padding='SAME')
conv1 = tf.nn.dropout(conv1, keep_prob)
w_c2 = tf.Variable(w_alpha * tf.random_normal([3, 3, 32, 64]))
b_c2 = tf.Variable(b_alpha * tf.random_normal([64]))
conv2 = tf.nn.relu(tf.nn.bias_add(tf.nn.conv2d(conv1, w_c2, strides=[1, 1, 1, 1], padding='SAME'), b_c2))
conv2 = tf.nn.max_pool(conv2, ksize=[1, 2, 2, 1], strides=[1, 2, 2, 1], padding='SAME')
conv2 = tf.nn.dropout(conv2, keep_prob)
w_c3 = tf.Variable(w_alpha * tf.random_normal([3, 3, 64, 64]))
b_c3 = tf.Variable(b_alpha * tf.random_normal([64]))
conv3 = tf.nn.relu(tf.nn.bias_add(tf.nn.conv2d(conv2, w_c3, strides=[1, 1, 1, 1], padding='SAME'), b_c3))
conv3 = tf.nn.max_pool(conv3, ksize=[1, 2, 2, 1], strides=[1, 2, 2, 1], padding='SAME')
conv3 = tf.nn.dropout(conv3, keep_prob)
# Fully connected layer
w_d = tf.Variable(w_alpha * tf.random_normal([8 * 32 * 40, 1024]))
b_d = tf.Variable(b_alpha * tf.random_normal([1024]))
dense = tf.reshape(conv3, [-1, w_d.get_shape().as_list()[0]])
dense = tf.nn.relu(tf.add(tf.matmul(dense, w_d), b_d))
dense = tf.nn.dropout(dense, keep_prob)
w_out = tf.Variable(w_alpha * tf.random_normal([1024, MAX_CAPTCHA * CHAR_SET_LEN]))
b_out = tf.Variable(b_alpha * tf.random_normal([MAX_CAPTCHA * CHAR_SET_LEN]))
out = tf.add(tf.matmul(dense, w_out), b_out)
# out = tf.nn.softmax(out)
return out
# 训练
def train_crack_captcha_cnn():
import time
start_time=time.time()
output = crack_captcha_cnn()
# loss
#loss = tf.reduce_mean(tf.nn.softmax_cross_entropy_with_logits(output, Y))
loss = tf.reduce_mean(tf.nn.sigmoid_cross_entropy_with_logits(logits=output, labels=Y))
# 最后一层用来分类的softmax和sigmoid有什么不同?
# optimizer 为了加快训练 learning_rate应该开始大,然后慢慢衰
optimizer = tf.train.AdamOptimizer(learning_rate=0.001).minimize(loss)
predict = tf.reshape(output, [-1, MAX_CAPTCHA, CHAR_SET_LEN])
max_idx_p = tf.argmax(predict, 2)
max_idx_l = tf.argmax(tf.reshape(Y, [-1, MAX_CAPTCHA, CHAR_SET_LEN]), 2)
correct_pred = tf.equal(max_idx_p, max_idx_l)
accuracy = tf.reduce_mean(tf.cast(correct_pred, tf.float32))
saver = tf.train.Saver()
with tf.Session() as sess:
sess.run(tf.global_variables_initializer())
step = 0
while True:
batch_x, batch_y = get_next_batch(64)
_, loss_ = sess.run([optimizer, loss], feed_dict={X: batch_x, Y: batch_y, keep_prob: 0.75})
print time.strftime('%Y-%m-%d %H:%M:%S',time.localtime(time.time())),step, loss_
# 每100 step计算一次准确率
if step % 100 == 0:
batch_x_test, batch_y_test = get_next_batch(100)
acc = sess.run(accuracy, feed_dict={X: batch_x_test, Y: batch_y_test, keep_prob: 1.})
print u'***************************************************************第%s次的准确率为%s'%(step, acc)
# 如果准确率大于50%,保存模型,完成训练
if acc > 0.9: ##我这里设了0.9,设得越大训练要花的时间越长,如果设得过于接近1,很难达到。如果使用cpu,花的时间很长,cpu占用很高电脑发烫。
saver.save(sess, "crack_capcha.model", global_step=step)
print time.time()-start_time
break
step += 1
train_crack_captcha_cnn()

测试代码:

output = crack_captcha_cnn()
saver = tf.train.Saver()
sess = tf.Session()
saver.restore(sess, tf.train.latest_checkpoint('.'))
while(1):

text, image = gen_captcha_text_and_image()
image = convert2gray(image)
image = image.flatten() / 255
predict = tf.argmax(tf.reshape(output, [-1, MAX_CAPTCHA, CHAR_SET_LEN]), 2)
text_list = sess.run(predict, feed_dict={X: [image], keep_prob: 1})
predict_text = text_list[0].tolist()
vector = np.zeros(MAX_CAPTCHA * CHAR_SET_LEN)
i = 0
for t in predict_text:
vector[i * 63 + t] = 1
i += 1
# break
print("正确: {} 预测: {}".format(text, vec2text(vector)))

如果想要快点测试代码效果,验证码的字符不要设置太多,例如0123这几个数字就可以了。

以上就是本文的全部内容,希望对大家的学习有所帮助,也希望大家多多支持脚本之家。


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主题: 深度学习预测
tags: tf,text,captcha,image,batch,nn,char,alpha,idx,CHAR,CAPTCHA,SET,LEN,random,gen
分页:12
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