未加星标

mysql使用mysqld_multi部署单机多实例的方法教程

字体大小 | |
[数据库(mysql) 所属分类 数据库(mysql) | 发布者 店小二05 | 时间 | 作者 红领巾 ] 0人收藏点击收藏

前言

大家应该都有所体会,随着硬件层面的发展,linux系统多核已经是普通趋势,而mysql是单进程多线程,所以先天上对多进程的利用不是很高,虽然5.6版本已经在这方面改进很多,但是也没有达到100%,所以为了充分的利用系统资源,mysql有自己的补充,那就是可以部署多实例,一个实例一个端口。

mysqld_multi设计用于管理在同一台机器上运行的多个mysqld进程,这些进程使用不同的socket文件并监听在不同的端口上。mysqld_multi可以批量启动、关闭、或者报告这些mysqld进程的状态。

下面话不多说了,来一起看看详细的介绍吧。

一、mysql编译安装:
cd /usr/local/src
wget http://mirrors.sohu.com/mysql/MySQL-5.6/mysql-5.6.35-linux-glibc2.5-x86_64.tar.gz
tar zxvf mysql-5.6.35-linux-glibc2.5-x86_64.tar.gz
mv mysql-5.6.35-linux-glibc2.5-x86_64 /usr/local/mysql
cd /usr/local/mysql
useradd mysql
mkdir -p /data/mysql
chown -R mysql:mysql /data/mysql
./scripts/mysql_install_db --user=mysql --datadir=/data/mysql
cp support-files/my-default.cnf /etc/my.cnf
cp support-files/mysql.server /etc/init.d/mysqld
二、准备第一个多实例3307

2.1 创建目录:

mkdir /usr/local/mysql3307
chown -R mysql.mysql /usr/local/mysql3307/
mkdir -p /data/mysql3307
chown -R mysql.mysql /data/mysql3307
mkdir -p /home/data/mysql3307/binlog
chown -R mysql.mysql /home/data/mysql3307

2.2 配置文件

[root@zhdya01 ~]# vim /etc/my.cnf
# For advice on how to change settings please see
# http://dev.mysql.com/doc/refman/5.6/en/server-configuration-defaults.html
# *** DO NOT EDIT THIS FILE. It's a template which will be copied to the
# *** default location during install, and will be replaced if you
# *** upgrade to a newer version of MySQL.
[mysqld_multi]
mysqld = /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqld_safe
mysqladmin =/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqladmin
log =/var/log/mysqld_multi.log
[mysqld1]
socket = /usr/local/mysql3307/mysql.sock
port = 3307
pid-file = /usr/local/mysql3307/mysql.pid
datadir = /data/mysql3307
log_bin=/home/data/mysql3307/binlog
server-id = 1
innodb_buffer_pool_size = 128M
innodb_flush_log_at_trx_commit = 0

2.3 初始化数据库

/usr/local/mysql/scripts/mysql_install_db --user=mysql --basedir=/usr/local/mysql --datadir=/data/mysql3307
三、准备第二个多实例3308

3.1 创建目录:

mkdir /usr/local/mysql3308
chown -R mysql.mysql /usr/local/mysql3308/
mkdir -p /data/mysql3308
chown -R mysql.mysql /data/mysql3308
mkdir -p /home/data/mysql3308/binlog
chown -R mysql.mysql /home/data/mysql3308

3.2 配置文件

[root@zhdya01 ~]# vim /etc/my.cnf
# For advice on how to change settings please see
# http://dev.mysql.com/doc/refman/5.6/en/server-configuration-defaults.html
# *** DO NOT EDIT THIS FILE. It's a template which will be copied to the
# *** default location during install, and will be replaced if you
# *** upgrade to a newer version of MySQL.
[mysqld_multi]
mysqld = /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqld_safe
mysqladmin =/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqladmin
log =/var/log/mysqld_multi.log
[mysqld1]
socket = /usr/local/mysql3307/mysql.sock
port = 3307
pid-file = /usr/local/mysql3307/mysql.pid
datadir = /data/mysql3307
log_bin=/home/data/mysql3307/binlog
server-id = 1
innodb_buffer_pool_size = 128M
innodb_flush_log_at_trx_commit = 0
[mysqld2]
socket = /usr/local/mysql3308/mysql.sock
port = 3308
pid-file = /usr/local/mysql3308/mysql.pid
datadir = /data/mysql3308
log_bin=/home/data/mysql3308/binlog
server-id = 2
innodb_buffer_pool_size = 128M
innodb_flush_log_at_trx_commit = 0

3.3 初始化数据库

/usr/local/mysql/scripts/mysql_install_db --user=mysql --basedir=/usr/local/mysql --datadir=/data/mysql3308
四、启动多实例
/etc/init.d/mysqld start
mysqld_multi --defaults-extra-file=/etc/my.cnf start 1,2
[root@zhdya01 bin]# !net
netstat -lntp -lntp
Active Internet connections (only servers)
Proto Recv-Q Send-Q Local Address Foreign Address State PID/Program name
tcp 0 0 0.0.0.0:22 0.0.0.0:* LISTEN 1241/sshd
tcp 0 0 127.0.0.1:25 0.0.0.0:* LISTEN 2087/master
tcp6 0 0 :::3306 :::* LISTEN 4406/mysqld
tcp6 0 0 :::3307 :::* LISTEN 4197/mysqld
tcp6 0 0 :::3308 :::* LISTEN 3359/mysqld
tcp6 0 0 :::8080 :::* LISTEN 2222/java
tcp6 0 0 :::22 :::* LISTEN 1241/sshd
tcp6 0 0 ::1:25 :::* LISTEN 2087/master
五、查看启动状态
[root@zhdya01 bin]# mysqld_multi --defaults-extra-file=/etc/my.cnf report
Reporting MySQL servers
MySQL server from group: mysqld1 is running
MySQL server from group: mysqld2 is running
六、停止多实例
[root@zhdya01 bin]# mysqld_multi --defaults-extra-file=/etc/my.cnf stop 1,2
[root@zhdya01 bin]# mysqld_multi --defaults-extra-file=/etc/my.cnf report
Reporting MySQL servers
MySQL server from group: mysqld1 is not running
MySQL server from group: mysqld2 is not running
七、各自登录mysql实例
[root@zhdya01 bin]# mysql --socket=/usr/local/mysql3307/mysql.sock
Welcome to the MySQL monitor. Commands end with ; or \g.
Your MySQL connection id is 1
Server version: 5.6.35-log MySQL Community Server (GPL)
Copyright (c) 2000, 2016, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle Corporation and/or its
affiliates. Other names may be trademarks of their respective
owners.
Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement.
mysql>

总结

以上就是这篇文章的全部内容了,希望本文的内容对大家的学习或者工作具有一定的参考学习价值,如果有疑问大家可以留言交流,谢谢大家对脚本之家的支持。
您可能感兴趣的文章:使用mysqld_multi实现单系统中配置多个MySQL服务器实例shell使用mysqld_multi自动做多实例从库脚本

本文数据库(mysql)相关术语:navicat for mysql mysql workbench mysql数据库 mysql 存储过程 mysql安装图解 mysql教程 mysql 管理工具

主题: MySQLSQL服务器数据EDI谢大数据库
tags: mysql,mysqld,local,usr,data,multi,bin,mysql3307,etc,MySQL,log,my,LISTEN
分页:12
转载请注明
本文标题:mysql使用mysqld_multi部署单机多实例的方法教程
本站链接:https://www.codesec.net/view/573708.html


1.凡CodeSecTeam转载的文章,均出自其它媒体或其他官网介绍,目的在于传递更多的信息,并不代表本站赞同其观点和其真实性负责;
2.转载的文章仅代表原创作者观点,与本站无关。其原创性以及文中陈述文字和内容未经本站证实,本站对该文以及其中全部或者部分内容、文字的真实性、完整性、及时性,不作出任何保证或承若;
3.如本站转载稿涉及版权等问题,请作者及时联系本站,我们会及时处理。
登录后可拥有收藏文章、关注作者等权限...
技术大类 技术大类 | 数据库(mysql) | 评论(0) | 阅读(356)