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详解nginx 代理多个服务器(多个server方式)

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[运维安全 所属分类 运维安全 | 发布者 店小二03 | 时间 | 作者 红领巾 ] 0人收藏点击收藏
上一篇文章介绍了nginx的基本配置和使用方法,并且简单的介绍了一下如何利用nginx结合tomcat进行使用,达到反向代理的作用。现在我们要使用nginx达到这样的一个目的,能够代理多个服务器。

首先修改配置文件:

#user nobody;
worker_processes 1;

#error_log logs/error.log;
#error_log logs/error.log notice;
#error_log logs/error.log info;

#pid logs/nginx.pid;


events {
worker_connections 1024;
}


http {
include mime.types;
default_type application/octet-stream;

#log_format main '$remote_addr - $remote_user [$time_local] "$request" '
# '$status $body_bytes_sent "$http_referer" '
# '"$http_user_agent" "$http_x_forwarded_for"';

#access_log logs/access.log main;

sendfile on;
#tcp_nopush on;

#keepalive_timeout 0;
keepalive_timeout 65;

#gzip on;

server {
listen 9922;
server_name firstProxyServer;

#charset koi8-r;

#access_log logs/host.access.log main;

#location / {
#root html;
#index index.html index.htm;
#}
location / {
proxy_pass http://localhost:8989;
}

#error_page 404 /404.html;

# redirect server error pages to the static page /50x.html
#
error_page 500 502 503 504 /50x.html;
location = /50x.html {
root html;
}

# proxy thephp scripts to Apache listening on 127.0.0.1:80
#
#location ~ \.php$ {
# proxy_pass http://127.0.0.1;
#}

# pass the PHP scripts to FastCGI server listening on 127.0.0.1:9000
#
#location ~ \.php$ {
# root html;
# fastcgi_pass 127.0.0.1:9000;
# fastcgi_index index.php;
# fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME /scripts$fastcgi_script_name;
# include fastcgi_params;
#}

# deny access to .htaccess files, if Apache's document root
# concurs with nginx's one
#
#location ~ /\.ht {
# deny all;
#}
}

server {
listen 9977;
server_name secondProxyServer;

#charset koi8-r;

#access_log logs/host.access.log main;

#location / {
#root html;
#index index.html index.htm;
#}
location / {
proxy_pass http://localhost:8080;
}

#error_page 404 /404.html;

# redirect server error pages to the static page /50x.html
#
error_page 500 502 503 504 /50x.html;
location = /50x.html {
root html;
}

# proxy the PHP scripts to Apache listening on 127.0.0.1:80
#
#location ~ \.php$ {
# proxy_pass http://127.0.0.1;
#}

# pass the PHP scripts to FastCGI server listening on 127.0.0.1:9000
#
#location ~ \.php$ {
# root html;
# fastcgi_pass 127.0.0.1:9000;
# fastcgi_index index.php;
# fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME /scripts$fastcgi_script_name;
# include fastcgi_params;
#}

# deny access to .htaccess files, if Apache's document root
# concurs with nginx's one
#
#location ~ /\.ht {
# deny all;
#}
}

# another virtual host using mix of IP-, name-, and port-based configuration
#
#server {
# listen 8000;
# listen somename:8080;
# server_name somename alias another.alias;

# location / {
# root html;
# index index.html index.htm;
# }
#}


# HTTPS server
#
#server {
# listen 443 ssl;
# server_name localhost;

# ssl_certificate cert.pem;
# ssl_certificate_key cert.key;

# ssl_session_cache shared:SSL:1m;
# ssl_session_timeout 5m;

# ssl_ciphers HIGH:!aNULL:!MD5;
# ssl_prefer_server_ciphers on;

# location / {
# root html;
# index index.html index.htm;
# }
#}

}
其中主要的是有两个server,每个server对应的被代理的服务器的不同。从而实现了nginx代理多个服务器的目的。
下面是两个服务server的配置:

server {
listen 9922;
server_name firstProxyServer;

#charset koi8-r;

#access_log logs/host.access.log main;

#location / {
#root html;
#index index.html index.htm;
#}
location / {
proxy_pass http://localhost:8989;
}

#error_page 404 /404.html;

# redirect server error pages to the static page /50x.html
#
error_page 500 502 503 504 /50x.html;
location = /50x.html {
root html;
}

# proxy the PHP scripts to Apache listening on 127.0.0.1:80
#
#location ~ \.php$ {
# proxy_pass http://127.0.0.1;
#}

# pass the PHP scripts to FastCGI server listening on 127.0.0.1:9000
#
#location ~ \.php$ {
# root html;
# fastcgi_pass 127.0.0.1:9000;
# fastcgi_index index.php;
# fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME /scripts$fastcgi_script_name;
# include fastcgi_params;
#}

# deny access to .htaccess files, if Apache's document root
# concurs with nginx's one
#
#location ~ /\.ht {
# deny all;
#}
}

server {
listen 9977;
server_name secondProxyServer;

#charset koi8-r;

#access_log logs/host.access.log main;

#location / {
#root html;
#index index.html index.htm;
#}
location / {
proxy_pass http://localhost:8080;
}

#error_page 404 /404.html;

# redirect server error pages to the static page /50x.html
#
error_page 500 502 503 504 /50x.html;
location = /50x.html {
root html;
}

# proxy the PHP scripts to Apache listening on 127.0.0.1:80
#
#location ~ \.php$ {
# proxy_pass http://127.0.0.1;
#}

# pass the PHP scripts to FastCGI server listening on 127.0.0.1:9000
#
#location ~ \.php$ {
# root html;
# fastcgi_pass 127.0.0.1:9000;
# fastcgi_index index.php;
# fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME /scripts$fastcgi_script_name;
# include fastcgi_params;
#}

# deny access to .htaccess files, if Apache's document root
# concurs with nginx's one
#
#location ~ /\.ht {
# deny all;
#}
}
下面是测试的结果:

首先两个tomcat中部署两个服务器:

详解nginx 代理多个服务器(多个server方式)

详解nginx 代理多个服务器(多个server方式)
然后启动nginx。

cmd下:start nginx

分别访问这两个server:

http://localhost:9922/ngtt/

详解nginx 代理多个服务器(多个server方式)

http://localhost:9977/testnnnn/

详解nginx 代理多个服务器(多个server方式)

以上就是本文的全部内容,希望对大家的学习有所帮助,也希望大家多多支持脚本之家。

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主题: 服务器PHPCGHIG
tags: html,index,fastcgi,pass,log,#location,root,http,page,proxy
分页:12
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