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Redis集群搭建全记录

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[开发(python) 所属分类 开发(python) | 发布者 店小二05 | 时间 | 作者 红领巾 ] 0人收藏点击收藏

Redis集群是一个提供在多个Redis节点间共享数据的程序集。

  Redis集群中不支持处理多个keys的命令。

  Redis集群通过分区来提供一定程度的可用性。在某个节点宕机或者不可用的时候可以继续处理命令。

Redis集群数据分片

  在Redis集群中,使用数据分片(sharding)而不是一致性hash(consistency hashing)来实现,一个Redis集群包含16384个哈希槽(hash slot),数据库中的每个键都存在这些哈希槽中的某一个,通过CRC16校验后对16384取模来决定。

  加入说现在集群中有三个节点,那么

  ①节点A包含0到5500号哈希槽。

  ②节点B包含5501到11000号哈希槽。

  ③节点C包含11001到16384号哈希槽。

  然后如果我们要增加一个节点的时候,会从ABC三个节点分别得到一部分槽到D上。如果我们移除一个节点的时候,就会把移除的节点的分隔槽移到剩下的槽上面。

Redis主从复制模型

  为了实现Redis的集群的高可用性。Redis提供了一个主从复制模型。每个节点都会有N-1个复制品。

  如果在创建集群的时候,我们为每个节点添加了一个从节点,这时候,如果其中的某个主节点挂掉了,便会把它的从节点做为新的主节点,继续提供服务。但是如果主节点和从节点都挂掉了,那就不可以继续使用了。

Redis集群搭建

  Redis集群由多个云新在集群模式下的Redis实例组成。实例的集群模式需要通过配置来开启。

  下面是一个包含了最少选项的集群配置文件实例:

port 7000
cluster-enabled yes
cluster-config-file nodes.conf
cluster-node-timeout 5000
appendonly yes
pidfile /var/run/redis_xxxx.pid
dir /usr/local/redis-cluster/xxxx

port指定了节点的端口号

cluster-enabled yes选项用于开启实例的集群模式

cluster-config-file nodes.conf设置了保存节点的配置文件路径,这个文件无须认为修改,是在集群启动的时候创建。

cluster-node-timeout 5000:设置了方式失败的等待时间。即5秒还访问不了就认为这个节点不可用。

appendonly yes:用于开启aof持久化

 pidfile /var/run/redis_xxxx.pid设置pid文件的位置,其中xxxx为端口号

dir /usr/local/redis-cluster/xxxx设置工作目录,其中xxxx为端口号。

此时目录中的文件是这样的

[[email protected] 10:49 /usr/local/redis-cluster]# ll 7000 7001 7002 7003 7004 7005
7000:
总用量 7080
-rw-r--r--. 1 root root 57787 9月 10 10:44 redis.conf
-rwxr-xr-x. 1 root root 7185872 9月 10 09:50 redis-server
7001:
总用量 7080
-rw-r--r--. 1 root root 57787 9月 10 10:46 redis.conf
-rwxr-xr-x. 1 root root 7185872 9月 10 10:04 redis-server
7002:
总用量 7080
-rw-r--r--. 1 root root 57787 9月 10 10:46 redis.conf
-rwxr-xr-x. 1 root root 7185872 9月 10 10:04 redis-server
7003:
总用量 7080
-rw-r--r--. 1 root root 57787 9月 10 10:47 redis.conf
-rwxr-xr-x. 1 root root 7185872 9月 10 10:04 redis-server
7004:
总用量 7080
-rw-r--r--. 1 root root 57787 9月 10 10:48 redis.conf
-rwxr-xr-x. 1 root root 7185872 9月 10 10:04 redis-server
7005:
总用量 7080
-rw-r--r--. 1 root root 57787 9月 10 10:48 redis.conf
-rwxr-xr-x. 1 root root 7185872 9月 10 10:04 redis-server
[[email protected] 10:49 /usr/local/redis-cluster]#

下面启动这六个节点

[[email protected] 10:51 /usr/local/redis-cluster]# ./7000/redis-server ./7000/redis.conf
3547:C 10 Sep 10:51:58.519 # oO0OoO0OoO0Oo Redis is starting oO0OoO0OoO0Oo
3547:C 10 Sep 10:51:58.519 # Redis version=4.0.1, bits=32, commit=00000000, modified=0, pid=3547, just started
3547:C 10 Sep 10:51:58.519 # Configuration loaded
[[email protected] 10:51 /usr/local/redis-cluster]# ./7001/redis-server ./7001/redis.conf
3552:C 10 Sep 10:52:05.549 # oO0OoO0OoO0Oo Redis is starting oO0OoO0OoO0Oo
3552:C 10 Sep 10:52:05.550 # Redis version=4.0.1, bits=32, commit=00000000, modified=0, pid=3552, just started
3552:C 10 Sep 10:52:05.550 # Configuration loaded
[[email protected] 10:52 /usr/local/redis-cluster]# ./7002/redis-server ./7002/redis.conf
3557:C 10 Sep 10:52:13.098 # oO0OoO0OoO0Oo Redis is starting oO0OoO0OoO0Oo
3557:C 10 Sep 10:52:13.098 # Redis version=4.0.1, bits=32, commit=00000000, modified=0, pid=3557, just started
3557:C 10 Sep 10:52:13.098 # Configuration loaded
[[email protected] 10:52 /usr/local/redis-cluster]# ./7003/redis-server ./7003/redis.conf
3563:C 10 Sep 10:52:18.986 # oO0OoO0OoO0Oo Redis is starting oO0OoO0OoO0Oo
3563:C 10 Sep 10:52:18.986 # Redis version=4.0.1, bits=32, commit=00000000, modified=0, pid=3563, just started
3563:C 10 Sep 10:52:18.986 # Configuration loaded
[[email protected] 10:52 /usr/local/redis-cluster]# ./7004/redis-server ./7004/redis.conf
3568:C 10 Sep 10:52:23.709 # oO0OoO0OoO0Oo Redis is starting oO0OoO0OoO0Oo
3568:C 10 Sep 10:52:23.710 # Redis version=4.0.1, bits=32, commit=00000000, modified=0, pid=3568, just started
3568:C 10 Sep 10:52:23.710 # Configuration loaded
[[email protected] 10:52 /usr/local/redis-cluster]# ./7005/redis-server ./7005/redis.conf
3573:C 10 Sep 10:52:27.146 # oO0OoO0OoO0Oo Redis is starting oO0OoO0OoO0Oo
3573:C 10 Sep 10:52:27.147 # Redis version=4.0.1, bits=32, commit=00000000, modified=0, pid=3573, just started
3573:C 10 Sep 10:52:27.147 # Configuration loaded
[[email protected] 10:52 /usr/local/redis-cluster]#

查看启动后的进程:

[[email protected] 10:52 /usr/local/redis-cluster]# ps aux|grep redis
root 3548 0.2 0.2 41964 2288 ? Ssl 10:51 0:00 ./7000/redis-server 127.0.0.1:7000 [cluster]
root 3553 0.1 0.2 41964 2288 ? Ssl 10:52 0:00 ./7001/redis-server 127.0.0.1:7001 [cluster]
root 3558 0.2 0.2 41964 2288 ? Ssl 10:52 0:00 ./7002/redis-server 127.0.0.1:7002 [cluster]
root 3564 0.1 0.2 41964 2292 ? Ssl 10:52 0:00 ./7003/redis-server 127.0.0.1:7003 [cluster]
root 3569 0.2 0.2 41964 2292 ? Ssl 10:52 0:00 ./7004/redis-server 127.0.0.1:7004 [cluster]
root 3574 0.1 0.2 41964 2288 ? Ssl 10:52 0:00 ./7005/redis-server 127.0.0.1:7005 [cluster]
root 3580 0.0 0.0 6048 784 pts/2 S+ 10:52 0:00 grep redis
[[email protected] 10:52 /usr/local/redis-cluster]#

再次查看文件目录:

[[email protected] 11:01 /usr/local/redis-cluster]# ll 7000 7001 7002 7003 7004 7005
7000:
总用量 7084
-rw-r--r--. 1 root root 0 9月 10 10:51 appendonly.aof
-rw-r--r--. 1 root root 114 9月 10 10:51 nodes-7000.conf
-rw-r--r--. 1 root root 57787 9月 10 10:44 redis.conf
-rwxr-xr-x. 1 root root 7185872 9月 10 09:50 redis-server
7001:
总用量 7084
-rw-r--r--. 1 root root 0 9月 10 10:52 appendonly.aof
-rw-r--r--. 1 root root 114 9月 10 10:52 nodes-7001.conf
-rw-r--r--. 1 root root 57787 9月 10 10:46 redis.conf
-rwxr-xr-x. 1 root root 7185872 9月 10 10:04 redis-server
7002:
总用量 7084
-rw-r--r--. 1 root root 0 9月 10 10:52 appendonly.aof
-rw-r--r--. 1 root root 114 9月 10 10:52 nodes-7002.conf
-rw-r--r--. 1 root root 57787 9月 10 10:46 redis.conf
-rwxr-xr-x. 1 root root 7185872 9月 10 10:04 redis-server
7003:
总用量 7084
-rw-r--r--. 1 root root 0 9月 10 10:52 appendonly.aof
-rw-r--r--. 1 root root 114 9月 10 10:52 nodes-7003.conf
-rw-r--r--. 1 root root 57787 9月 10 10:47 redis.conf
-rwxr-xr-x. 1 root root 7185872 9月 10 10:04 redis-server
7004:
总用量 7084
-rw-r--r--. 1 root root 0 9月 10 10:52 appendonly.aof
-rw-r--r--. 1 root root 114 9月 10 10:52 nodes-7004.conf
-rw-r--r--. 1 root root 57787 9月 10 10:48 redis.conf
-rwxr-xr-x. 1 root root 7185872 9月 10 10:04 redis-server
7005:
总用量 7084
-rw-r--r--. 1 root root 0 9月 10 10:52 appendonly.aof
-rw-r--r--. 1 root root 114 9月 10 10:52 nodes-7005.conf
-rw-r--r--. 1 root root 57787 9月 10 10:48 redis.conf
-rwxr-xr-x. 1 root root 7185872 9月 10 10:04 redis-server
[[email protected] 11:01 /usr/local/redis-cluster]#

可以看到生成了aof和nodes文件,保存的时候还会有dump文件生成。

在看看pid

[[email protected] 11:03 /usr/local/redis-cluster]# ll /var/run/redis*
-rw-r--r--. 1 root root 5 9月 10 10:51 /var/run/redis_7000.pid
-rw-r--r--. 1 root root 5 9月 10 10:52 /var/run/redis_7001.pid
-rw-r--r--. 1 root root 5 9月 10 10:52 /var/run/redis_7002.pid
-rw-r--r--. 1 root root 5 9月 10 10:52 /var/run/redis_7003.pid
-rw-r--r--. 1 root root 5 9月 10 10:52 /var/run/redis_7004.pid
-rw-r--r--. 1 root root 5 9月 10 10:52 /var/run/redis_7005.pid
[[email protected] 11:03 /usr/local/redis-cluster]#

接下来,我们就需要使用redis-trib工具和这六个节点来创建集群了。

redis-trib位于redis源码的src目录下。

我们复制一份到redis-cluster目录下。

[[email protected] 11:03 /usr/local/redis-cluster]# ll ../redis/src/redis-trib*
-rwxrwxr-x. 1 root root 60843 7月 24 22:58 ../redis/src/redis-trib.rb
[[email protected] 11:04 /usr/local/redis-cluster]# cp ../redis/src/redis-trib.rb ./
[[email protected] 11:05 /usr/local/redis-cluster]# ll
总用量 84
drwxr-xr-x. 2 root root 4096 9月 10 10:51 7000
drwxr-xr-x. 2 root root 4096 9月 10 10:52 7001
drwxr-xr-x. 2 root root 4096 9月 10 10:52 7002
drwxr-xr-x. 2 root root 4096 9月 10 10:52 7003
drwxr-xr-x. 2 root root 4096 9月 10 10:52 7004
drwxr-xr-x. 2 root root 4096 9月 10 10:52 7005
-rwxr-xr-x. 1 root root 60843 9月 10 11:05 redis-trib.rb
[[email protected] 11:05 /usr/local/redis-cluster]#

开始启动集群:

[[email protected] 11:13 /usr/local/redis-cluster]# ./redis-trib.rb create --replicas 1 127.0.0.1:7000 127.0.0.1:7001 127.0.0.1:7002 127.0.0.1:7003 127.0.0.1:7004 127.0.0.1:7005
/usr/bin/env: ruby: 没有那个文件或目录
[[email protected] 11:15 /usr/local/redis-cluster]#

下面是本人失败的安装版本,后面也有成功的版本。

因为是ruby的程序,所以我们需要安装ruby,

yum -y install  ruby

继续启动集群:

[[email protected] 11:21 /usr/local/redis-cluster]# ./redis-trib.rb create --replicas 1 127.0.0.1:7000 127.0.0.1:7001 127.0.0.1:7002 127.0.0.1:7003 127.0.0.1:7004 127.0.0.1:7005
./redis-trib.rb:24:in `require': no such file to load -- rubygems (LoadError)
from ./redis-trib.rb:24
[[email protected] 11:22 /usr/local/redis-cluster]#

还是报错了,说需要rubygems,我们继续安装:

yum -y install rubygems

继续启动集群:

[[email protected] 11:24 /usr/local/redis-cluster]# ./redis-trib.rb create --replicas 1 127.0.0.1:7000 127.0.0.1:7001 127.0.0.1:7002 127.0.0.1:7003 127.0.0.1:7004 127.0.0.1:7005
/usr/lib/ruby/site_ruby/1.8/rubygems/custom_require.rb:31:in `gem_original_require': no such file to load -- redis (LoadError)
from /usr/lib/ruby/site_ruby/1.8/rubygems/custom_require.rb:31:in `require'
from ./redis-trib.rb:25
[[email protected] 11:24 /usr/local/redis-cluster]#

依然还是报错了...,我们需要安装更高版本的ruby。

 所以,我决定,先卸载掉1.8的ruby。

yum -y remove ruby

然后重新安装

wget https://cache.ruby-lang.org/pub/ruby/2.4/ruby-2.4.1.tar.gz
tar xzvf ruby-2.4.1.tar.gz
cd ruby-2.4.1
./configure
make
make install

然后查看ruby的版本:

[[email protected] 12:47 ~]# ruby -v
ruby 2.4.1p111 (2017-03-22 revision 58053) [i686-linux]
[[email protected] 12:47 ~]#

最后,为了运行redis-trib我们需要安装redis gem。

如果出现下面的错误

[[email protected] 13:01 /usr/local/redis-cluster]# gem install redis
ERROR: Loading command: install (LoadError)
cannot load such file -- zlib
ERROR: While executing gem ... (NoMethodError)
undefined method `invoke_with_build_args' for nil:NilClass

我们继续开启集群:依然还是报错,几经折腾,还是没解决掉

最好,找到了下面这种方法。

成功版本

通过rvm这个ruby的管理工具来安装ruby。

首先安装rvm,如果下面的命令提示找不到curl,可以通过yum install -y crul来安装crul。

[[email protected] 19:45 ~]# curl -L get.rvm.io | bash -s stable
% Total % Received % Xferd Average Speed Time Time Time Current Dload Upload Total Spent Left Speed
100 24090 100 24090 0 0 11517 0 0:00:02 0:00:02 --:--:-- 48276
Downloading https://github.com/rvm/rvm/archive/1.29.3.tar.gz
Downloading https://github.com/rvm/rvm/releases/download/1.29.3/1.29.3.tar.gz.asc
gpg: 于 2017年09月11日 星期一 05时59分21秒 JST 创建的签名,使用 RSA,钥匙号 BF04FF17
gpg: 无法检查签名:No public key
Warning, RVM 1.26.0 introduces signed releases and automated check of signatures when GPG software found. Assuming you trust Michal Papis import the mpapis public key (downloading the signatures).
GPG signature verification failed for '/usr/local/rvm/archives/rvm-1.29.3.tgz' - 'https://github.com/rvm/rvm/releases/download/1.29.3/1.29.3.tar.gz.asc'! Try to install GPG v2 and then fetch the public key:
gpg2 --recv-keys 409B6B1796C275462A1703113804BB82D39DC0E3
or if it fails:
command curl -sSL https://rvm.io/mpapis.asc | gpg2 --import -
the key can be compared with:
https://rvm.io/mpapis.asc
https://keybase.io/mpapis
NOTE: GPG version 2.1.17 have a bug which cause failures during fetching keys from remote server. Please downgrade or upgrade to newer version (if available) or use the second method described above.
[[email protected] 19:45 ~]#

发现失败了,我们按照提示进行操作。

[[email protected] 19:45 ~]# curl -sSL https://rvm.io/mpapis.asc | gpg2 --import -
gpg: 钥匙环‘/root/.gnupg/secring.gpg'已建立
gpg: /root/.gnupg/trustdb.gpg:建立了信任度数据库
gpg: 密钥 D39DC0E3:公钥“Michal Papis (RVM signing) <[email protected]>”已导入
gpg: 合计被处理的数量:1
gpg: 已导入:1 (RSA: 1)
gpg: 没有找到任何绝对信任的密钥
[[email protected] 19:45 ~]# curl -L get.rvm.io | bash -s stable
% Total % Received % Xferd Average Speed Time Time Time Current Dload Upload Total Spent Left Speed
100 24090 100 24090 0 0 3763 0 0:00:06 0:00:06 --:--:-- 3763
Downloading https://github.com/rvm/rvm/archive/1.29.3.tar.gz
Downloading https://github.com/rvm/rvm/releases/download/1.29.3/1.29.3.tar.gz.asc
gpg: 于 2017年09月11日 星期一 05时59分21秒 JST 创建的签名,使用 RSA,钥匙号 BF04FF17
gpg: 完好的签名,来自于“Michal Papis (RVM signing) <[email protected]>”
gpg: 亦即“Michal Papis <[email protected]>”
gpg: 亦即“[jpeg image of size 5015]”
gpg: 警告:这把密钥未经受信任的签名认证!
gpg: 没有证据表明这个签名属于它所声称的持有者。
主钥指纹: 409B 6B17 96C2 7546 2A17 0311 3804 BB82 D39D C0E3
子钥指纹: 62C9 E5F4 DA30 0D94 AC36 166B E206 C29F BF04 FF17
GPG verified '/usr/local/rvm/archives/rvm-1.29.3.tgz'
Creating group 'rvm'
Installing RVM to /usr/local/rvm/
Installation of RVM in /usr/local/rvm/ is almost complete:
* First you need to add all users that will be using rvm to 'rvm' group,
and logout - login again, anyone using rvm will be operating with `umask u=rwx,g=rwx,o=rx`.
* To start using RVM you need to run `source /etc/profile.d/rvm.sh`
in all your open shell windows, in rare cases you need to reopen all shell windows.
[[email protected] 19:46 ~]

发现rvm已经安装成功了,为了让配置立即生效,我们需要用source命令导入rvm的配置文件。

先查看下配置文件的路径,然后导入。

[[email protected] 19:46 ~]# find / -name rvm.sh
/etc/profile.d/rvm.sh
[[email protected] 19:49 ~]# source /etc/profile.d/rvm.sh

接下来就可以安装高版本的ruby了,建议安装2.2.3版本,不然的话,等下gen install redis的时候,可能会报下面的错误:

[[email protected] 19:59 ~]# gem install redis
Fetching: redis-4.0.0.gem (100%)
ERROR: Error installing redis:
redis requires Ruby version >= 2.2.2.

废话少说,接下来安装2.2.3版本的ruby

[[email protected] 20:16 ~]# rvm install 2.3.3
Searching for binary rubies, this might take some time.
No binary rubies available for: centos/6/i386/ruby-2.3.3.
Continuing with compilation. Please read 'rvm help mount' to get more information on binary rubies.
Checking requirements for centos.
Requirements installation successful.
Installing Ruby from source to: /usr/local/rvm/rubies/ruby-2.3.3, this may take a while depending on your cpu(s)...
ruby-2.3.3 - #downloading ruby-2.3.3, this may take a while depending on your connection...
% Total % Received % Xferd Average Speed Time Time Time Current Dload Upload Total Spent Left Speed
100 13.7M 100 13.7M 0 0 1285k 0 0:00:10 0:00:10 --:--:-- 1394k
ruby-2.3.3 - #extracting ruby-2.3.3 to /usr/local/rvm/src/ruby-2.3.3....
ruby-2.3.3 - #applying patch /usr/local/rvm/patches/ruby/ruby_2_3_gcc7.patch.
ruby-2.3.3 - #applying patch /usr/local/rvm/patches/ruby/2.3.3/random_c_using_NR_prefix.patch.
ruby-2.3.3 - #configuring..........................................................
ruby-2.3.3 - #post-configuration..
ruby-2.3.3 - #compiling....................................................................................-
ruby-2.3.3 - #installing...........................
ruby-2.3.3 - #making binaries executable..
ruby-2.3.3 - #downloading rubygems-2.6.13
ruby-2.3.3 - #extracting rubygems-2.6.13.....
ruby-2.3.3 - #removing old rubygems.........
ruby-2.3.3 - #installing rubygems-2.6.13..........................
ruby-2.3.3 - #gemset created /usr/local/rvm/gems/[email protected]
ruby-2.3.3 - #importing gemset /usr/local/rvm/gemsets/global.gems..........................................|
ruby-2.3.3 - #generating global wrappers........
ruby-2.3.3 - #gemset created /usr/local/rvm/gems/ruby-2.3.3
ruby-2.3.3 - #importing gemsetfile /usr/local/rvm/gemsets/default.gems evaluated to empty gem list
ruby-2.3.3 - #generating default wrappers........
ruby-2.3.3 - #adjusting #shebangs for (gem irb erb ri rdoc testrb rake).
Install of ruby-2.3.3 - #complete
Please be aware that you just installed a ruby that requires 2 patches just to be compiled on an up to date linux system.
This may have known and unaccounted for security vulnerabilities.
Please consider upgrading to ruby-2.4.1 which will have all of the latest security patches.
Ruby was built without documentation, to build it run: rvm docs generate-ri
[[email protected] 20:27 ~]# ruby -v
ruby 2.3.3p222 (2016-11-21 revision 56859) [i686-linux]
[[email protected] 20:28 ~]# gem -v
2.6.13
[[email protected] 20:28 ~]#

可以看到,不进ruby安装好了2.3.3版本,还把rubygems也安装好了。

如果要删除掉某个版本的ruby可以用这个命令:rvm remove 1.9.3。

我们继续安装:

[[email protected] 20:28 ~]# gem install redis
Fetching: redis-4.0.0.gem (100%)
Successfully installed redis-4.0.0
Parsing documentation for redis-4.0.0
Installing ri documentation for redis-4.0.0
Done installing documentation for redis after 3 seconds
1 gem installed
[[email protected] 20:33 ~]#

看到这里,折腾了两个晚上终于弄好了。接下来就是使用我们的redis-trib开启集群了。

为了方便,我把redis-trib.rb这个文件复制了一份到/usr/local/bin这个目录下,因为这个目录在PATH下面,里面的命令可以直接执行。

再次确认下六个redis节点的运行是ok的。

[[email protected] 20:35 /usr/local/redis-cluster]# ps aux|grep redis
root 2486 0.1 0.2 46060 2304 ? Ssl 18:30 0:12 ./7000/redis-server 127.0.0.1:7000 [cluster]
root 2491 0.1 0.2 46060 2308 ? Ssl 18:30 0:13 ./7001/redis-server 127.0.0.1:7001 [cluster]
root 2496 0.1 0.2 46060 2308 ? Ssl 18:30 0:13 ./7002/redis-server 127.0.0.1:7002 [cluster]
root 2501 0.1 0.2 46060 2304 ? Ssl 18:30 0:13 ./7003/redis-server 127.0.0.1:7003 [cluster]
root 2506 0.1 0.2 46060 2308 ? Ssl 18:30 0:14 ./7004/redis-server 127.0.0.1:7004 [cluster]
root 2511 0.1 0.2 46060 2304 ? Ssl 18:30 0:12 ./7005/redis-server 127.0.0.1:7005 [cluster]
root 31426 0.0 0.0 6048 784 pts/2 S+ 20:35 0:00 grep redis
[[email protected] 20:35 /usr/local/redis-cluster]#

[[email protected] 20:35 /usr/local/redis-cluster]# redis-trib.rb create --replicas 1 127.0.0.1:7000 127.0.0.1:7001 127.0.0.1:7002 127.0.0.1:7003 127.0.0.1:7004 127.0.0.1:7005
>>> Creating cluster
>>> Performing hash slots allocation on 6 nodes...
Using 3 masters:
127.0.0.1:7000
127.0.0.1:7001
127.0.0.1:7002
Adding replica 127.0.0.1:7003 to 127.0.0.1:7000
Adding replica 127.0.0.1:7004 to 127.0.0.1:7001
Adding replica 127.0.0.1:7005 to 127.0.0.1:7002
M: 6d996f9e34f40b02afe06aa9d3c8f18a41875cb2 127.0.0.1:7000
slots:0-5460 (5461 slots) master
M: 9bf2ee5d32fc350ec411d3eaad18f82492796e99 127.0.0.1:7001
slots:5461-10922 (5462 slots) master
M: 6de604de12b4b4a3be46766bb95ccf4618dc0d75 127.0.0.1:7002
slots:10923-16383 (5461 slots) master
S: f1bdbd841e37825169426486d6502e2cd99b76fe 127.0.0.1:7003
replicates 6d996f9e34f40b02afe06aa9d3c8f18a41875cb2
S: 3ff95d180ec47fc58c9c5f73e2f54354128bfe7e 127.0.0.1:7004
replicates 9bf2ee5d32fc350ec411d3eaad18f82492796e99
S: a4a09d80a4bb6c82345c376c59e5ae49e1d49701 127.0.0.1:7005
replicates 6de604de12b4b4a3be46766bb95ccf4618dc0d75
Can I set the above configuration? (type 'yes' to accept): yes
>>> Nodes configuration updated
>>> Assign a different config epoch to each node
>>> Sending CLUSTER MEET messages to join the cluster
Waiting for the cluster to join...
>>> Performing Cluster Check (using node 127.0.0.1:7000)
M: 6d996f9e34f40b02afe06aa9d3c8f18a41875cb2 127.0.0.1:7000
slots:0-5460 (5461 slots) master
1 additional replica(s)
S: f1bdbd841e37825169426486d6502e2cd99b76fe 127.0.0.1:7003
slots: (0 slots) slave
replicates 6d996f9e34f40b02afe06aa9d3c8f18a41875cb2
M: 6de604de12b4b4a3be46766bb95ccf4618dc0d75 127.0.0.1:7002
slots:10923-16383 (5461 slots) master
1 additional replica(s)
M: 9bf2ee5d32fc350ec411d3eaad18f82492796e99 127.0.0.1:7001
slots:5461-10922 (5462 slots) master
1 additional replica(s)
S: 3ff95d180ec47fc58c9c5f73e2f54354128bfe7e 127.0.0.1:7004
slots: (0 slots) slave
replicates 9bf2ee5d32fc350ec411d3eaad18f82492796e99
S: a4a09d80a4bb6c82345c376c59e5ae49e1d49701 127.0.0.1:7005
slots: (0 slots) slave
replicates 6de604de12b4b4a3be46766bb95ccf4618dc0d75
[OK] All nodes agree about slots configuration.
>>> Check for open slots...
>>> Check slots coverage...
[OK] All 16384 slots covered.
[[email protected] 20:37 /usr/local/redis-cluster]#

在创建的过程中,redis会给出一份预想的配置给我们看,确定没问题就输入yes并回车。系统就给我们创建了三个主,三个从的集群结构。

可以看到All 16384 slots covered。

redis-cli

redis-cli默认情况下连接的是本地的6379端口的redis服务器。

现在有六个端口,所以需要指定参数。

redis-cli -h xxx -p xxx -a xxx

-h:指定服务器

-p:指定端口号

-a:指定密码

-c:开启集群模式

[[email protected] 20:53 /usr/local/redis-cluster]# redis-cli -c -p 7000
127.0.0.1:7000> set name zhangsan
-> Redirected to slot [5798] located at 127.0.0.1:7001
OK
127.0.0.1:7001> exit
[[email protected] 20:53 /usr/local/redis-cluster]# redis-cli -c -p 7002
127.0.0.1:7002> get name
-> Redirected to slot [5798] located at 127.0.0.1:7001
"zhangsan"
127.0.0.1:7001>

可以看到,已经可以共享数据了。

 但是,如果我们把某一个主节点杀掉呢?

[[email protected] 19:52 /usr/local/redis-cluster]# redis-cli -p 7002 debug segfault
Error: Server closed the connection
[[email protected] 19:53 /usr/local/redis-cluster]# redis-trib.rb check 127.0.0.1:7000
>>> Performing Cluster Check (using node 127.0.0.1:7000)
M: 6d996f9e34f40b02afe06aa9d3c8f18a41875cb2 127.0.0.1:7000
slots:0-5460 (5461 slots) master
1 additional replica(s)
M: 9bf2ee5d32fc350ec411d3eaad18f82492796e99 127.0.0.1:7001
slots:5461-10922 (5462 slots) master
1 additional replica(s)
S: 3ff95d180ec47fc58c9c5f73e2f54354128bfe7e 127.0.0.1:7004
slots: (0 slots) slave
replicates 9bf2ee5d32fc350ec411d3eaad18f82492796e99
M: a4a09d80a4bb6c82345c376c59e5ae49e1d49701 127.0.0.1:7005
slots:10923-16383 (5461 slots) master
0 additional replica(s)
S: f1bdbd841e37825169426486d6502e2cd99b76fe 127.0.0.1:7003
slots: (0 slots) slave
replicates 6d996f9e34f40b02afe06aa9d3c8f18a41875cb2
[OK] All nodes agree about slots configuration.
>>> Check for open slots...
>>> Check slots coverage...
[OK] All 16384 slots covered.
[[email protected] 19:54 /usr/local/redis-cluster]#

可以看到7005端口的节点已经变成主节点了。那如果继续把7005节点也宕掉呢?

[[email protected] 19:58 /usr/local/redis-cluster]# redis-cli -p 7005 debug segfault
Error: Server closed the connection
[[email protected] 19:58 /usr/local/redis-cluster]# redis-trib.rb check 127.0.0.1:7000
[ERR] Sorry, can't connect to node 127.0.0.1:7005
>>> Performing Cluster Check (using node 127.0.0.1:7000)
M: 6d996f9e34f40b02afe06aa9d3c8f18a41875cb2 127.0.0.1:7000
slots:0-5460 (5461 slots) master
1 additional replica(s)
M: 9bf2ee5d32fc350ec411d3eaad18f82492796e99 127.0.0.1:7001
slots:5461-10922 (5462 slots) master
1 additional replica(s)
S: 3ff95d180ec47fc58c9c5f73e2f54354128bfe7e 127.0.0.1:7004
slots: (0 slots) slave
replicates 9bf2ee5d32fc350ec411d3eaad18f82492796e99
S: f1bdbd841e37825169426486d6502e2cd99b76fe 127.0.0.1:7003
slots: (0 slots) slave
replicates 6d996f9e34f40b02afe06aa9d3c8f18a41875cb2
[OK] All nodes agree about slots configuration.
>>> Check for open slots...
>>> Check slots coverage...
[ERR] Not all 16384 slots are covered by nodes.
[[email protected] 19:58 /usr/local/redis-cluster]#

可以看到集群已经出现问题了。

追记:

在搭建多机多点集群的时候,遇到以下问题:

1、一直在等待...

>>> Nodes configuration updated
>>> Assign a different config epoch to each node
>>> Sending CLUSTER MEET messages to join the cluster
Waiting for the cluster to join.......................

解决办法:确认端口是否开放。如果没有开发,可以修改/etc/sysconfig/iptables文件,开放端口(复制一行前面开放端口的来修改),然后service iptables restart重启防火墙。

极端的可以service iptables stop来关闭防火墙

2、槽被利用

/usr/local/rvm/gems/ruby-2.3.3/gems/redis-4.0.0/lib/redis/client.rb:119:in `call': ERR Slot 5461 is already busy (Redis::CommandError)
from /usr/local/rvm/gems/ruby-2.3.3/gems/redis-4.0.0/lib/redis.rb:2742:in `block in method_missing'
from /usr/local/rvm/gems/ruby-2.3.3/gems/redis-4.0.0/lib/redis.rb:45:in `block in synchronize'
from /usr/local/rvm/rubies/ruby-2.3.3/lib/ruby/2.3.0/monitor.rb:214:in `mon_synchronize'
from /usr/local/rvm/gems/ruby-2.3.3/gems/redis-4.0.0/lib/redis.rb:45:in `synchronize'
from /usr/local/rvm/gems/ruby-2.3.3/gems/redis-4.0.0/lib/redis.rb:2741:in `method_missing'
from /usr/local/bin/redis-trib.rb:212:in `flush_node_config'
from /usr/local/bin/redis-trib.rb:776:in `block in flush_nodes_config'
from /usr/local/bin/redis-trib.rb:775:in `each'
from /usr/local/bin/redis-trib.rb:775:in `flush_nodes_config'
from /usr/local/bin/redis-trib.rb:1296:in `create_cluster_cmd'
from /usr/local/bin/redis-trib.rb:1700:in `<main>'

解决办法:删除掉在redis.conf的dir目录下的几个文件redis.conf文件除外。

如果还是有相同的问题,可以考虑对所有节点执行下面两个命令。

redis-cli -p 端口号-h 主机物理地址 FLUSHALL

redis-cli -p 端口号-h 主机物理地址 CLUSTER RESET SOFT

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