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12 Best Linux Server Operating Systems and Who Should Use Them

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[系统(linux) 所属分类 系统(linux) | 发布者 店小二03 | 时间 2017 | 作者 红领巾 ] 0人收藏点击收藏

linux operating systems are exceptionally prevalent and wide-ranging. While certain Linux distrosare suitable for power users, others are simpler, and perfect for switching from windows. Linux distributions often benefit from strong community resources.

Although the Linux operating systems offer excellent desktop environments, Linux can be excellent for server set ups as well. Linux typically offers enhanced permissions, increased flexibility, and stability.

Therefore, Linux distros are ideal server landscapes. Check out the 12 best Linux server operating systems and who should use them.

What Is a Linux Server Operating System?

What differentiates a Linux server operating system from a general Linux distribution? Consider server hardware. Servers are essentially computers with specialized specifications. For instance, server hardware ensures maximum uptime, efficiency, and security. Additionally, servers balance computing power with power consumption. Similarly, Linux server operating systems prioritize security and resource consumption.

A Linux server operating system serves content to client devices. Accordingly, server operating systems feature tools for simple server creation. Because servers commonly run headless, the graphical user interface (GUI) in a Linux server operating system remains less important.

According to IDC, hardware sales data indicates that 28 percent of servers are Linux-based . However this likely doesn’t account for home labbers. While there are dedicated Linux server operating systems, you may roll your own. The key here is to use a Long Term Service (LTS) iteration and install your desired software. LTS flavors provide stability and a longer support cycle.

When selecting a Linux server operating system, also consider your use. Using your Linux computer as a media server Using Your Linux Computer as a Media Server (Part 2) Using Your Linux Computer as a Media Server (Part 2) Read More differs from setting up agame server Everything You Need to Build a Game Server on Linux Everything You Need to Build a Game Server on Linux Since its inception, gaming has almost always been more fun with multiple players, a practice that has moved online. To host an online tournament, you'll need to setup your own game server, using Linux. Read More .

1. Ubuntu Server
12 Best Linux Server Operating Systems and Who Should Use Them

Ubuntu is arguably the most well-known Linux operating system. With a plethora of Ubuntu derivatives, it’s a stable distribution. Ubuntu and its variants offer excellent user experiences. Ubuntu Server is available in two versions: LTS and a rolling-release. The LTS Ubuntu Server release boasts a five year support cycle. Although the support cycle isn’t five years, the non-LTS variantfeatures nine months of security and maintenance updates.

While Ubuntu and Ubuntu Server are pretty similar, Server offers different amenities. Notably, Ubuntu Server provides OpenStack Mitaka, Nginx, and LXD. Such inclusions cater to system administrators. Using Ubuntu Server, you can spin up web servers, deploy containers, and more. Moreover, it’s server-ready out-of-the-box.

Although it’s not a server distro, Ubuntu LTS does feature a five year support cycle. I’m currently using Ubuntu 16.04 LTS to run a dedicated Plex server as well as a Linux game server. LTS distros can function perfectly well as Linux server operating systems. You’ll just need to install server software on your own.

Who should use this:If you’re new to Linux or server operating systems, Ubuntu is a great choice. Ubuntu remains one of the most popular Linux distros in part because of its user friendliness. Accordingly, Ubuntu Server is a fantastic entry-level Linux server operating system. It’s superb as a media server, game server, or email server. More advanced server set ups are feasible with Ubuntu Server, but it’s definitely a go-to for basic servers and novice users.

2. openSUSE
12 Best Linux Server Operating Systems and Who Should Use Them

SUSE Linux debuted in 1993. In 2015, open-source variant openSUSE migrated toward SUSE Linux Enterprise (SLE). There are two openSUSE derivatives: Leap and Tumbleweed. Leap features longer release cycles whereas Tumbleweed is the rolling release. Tumbleweed is better for power users with its up-to-date packages like the Linux Kernel and SAMBA. Leap is better for stability. Updates bolster the operating system.

Default tools posit openSUSE as a fantastic Linux server operating system. openSUSE includes openQA for automated testing, Kiwi for Linux image deployment on several platforms, YaST for Linux configuration, and the comprehensive package manager Open Build Service. In abandoning its previous nine month release cycle and focusing on stability like SLE, openSUSE became a viable Linux server environment. CIO even dubbed openSUSE “…the CentOS and Debian of SUSE.”

Who should use this:openSUSE is more suited to power users like system administrators. It’s great as a web server, home server, or home server/web server combo. System administrators benefit from tools like Kiwi, YaST, OBS, and openQA. The versatility of openSUSE makes it one of the best Linux server operating systems. In addition to solid server capabilities, openSUSE does sport a lovely desktop environment. For more basic servers, openSUSE is usable but a bit overkill. Still not convinced? Check out these six reasons to use openSUSE 6 Reasons You Should Choose openSUSE and the Geeko 6 Reasons You Should Choose openSUSE and the Geeko There are good reasons openSUSE continues to attract users, and here are some of them. Maybe you will be the next person to fall in love with the Geeko. Read More .

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