Upgrading a Slackware instance on OpenVZ
I’ve just bought an OpenVZ VPS. Good news: the provider has a Slackware template! Bad news: it’s the same ancient Slackware 13.37 template that AlienBOB blogged about last year. See ‘Running Slackware 14.1 in an OpenVZ VPS’ at Alien Pastures .Slackware 14.1
AlienBOB’s Slackware 14.1 template is available on openvz.org, see the ‘Contributed templates’ here: https://openvz.org/Download/template/precreated
What can you do if your VPS provider hasn’t made the Slackware 14.1 template available? You can download and install more network packages from Slackware 13.37, and then you can download and upgrade to 14.0, and then you can download and upgrade to 14.1. Obviously this is tedious and painful.
But there is a sneaky way of directly using the Slackware 14.1 template to upgrade a running Slackware 13.37 VPS.
First, please backup everything important to another system!
Now copy AlienBOB’s template into your VPS. For a new Slackware 13.37 VPS, you will have to download it to another system and then use scp to copy it into your VPS, because the 13.37 template is extremely minimalist, and ssh/scp is the only network tool that is installed.When you have the template inside your vps, create a new directory and extract AlienBOB’s template into it. mkdir /new cd /new tar xf ~/slackware-14.1-x86_64-minimal-20150519.tar.xz
Now you need to customise some of the files in /new/etc/ here is what I did, but please use your head and do the right thing for your own system:Edit /new/etc/rc.d/rc.inet1.conf, mine is now like this: IFNAME="venet0" IPADDR="18.104.22.168" NETMASK="255.255.255.255" USE_DHCP="" DHCP_HOSTNAME="" GATEWAY="192.0.2.1" I got ipv6 working on the venet0 device, by adding this to /etc/rc.d/rc.local: ip -6 route add ::/0 dev venet0 ip -6 addr add 2a01:4a0:25::47a0:41fc dev venet0 Preserved some more files cp /etc/HOSTNAME /etc/hosts /new/etc/ cp /etc/ssh/ssh_host_* /new/etc/ssh/ cp /etc/passwd /etc/shadow /etc/group /new/etc/ Disabled system logging chmod ugo-x /new/etc/rc.d/rc.syslog
It turns out that my VPS provider re-edits /etc/inittab and /etc/rc.d/rc.inet1 on every reboot. Two getty entries are added to the end of /etc/inittab to support the VPS serial console, and /etc/rc.d/rc.inet1 is clumsily edited (probably with sed) to change all occurrences of ‘eth’ to ‘venet’, and to add an extra static route. It also turns out that this can be prevented by setting the ‘immutable’ flag on these files.Now you can start the sneaky upgrade from 13.37 to 14.1. Bind-mount the real filesystem root into your new directory: mkdir /new/real mount --bind / /new/real Enter a chroot environment using your new directory: chroot /new Move the old directories out of the real root, and copy the new directories into the real root: mkdir /old for d in /bin /etc /lib* /sbin /usr /var ; do mv /real/$d /old/ cp -a $d /real/ done Exit the chroot. Hopefully you still have a working VPS! You can now delete /new, and reboot. Good luck! Slackware 14.2
You can simply install 14.1 as above, and then upgrade manually to 14.2. AlienBOB’s 14.1 template has all the required packages and is configured so that slackpkg will work properly.
The new version of /etc/rc.d/rc.S in 14.2 needs some changes, corresponding to AlienBOB’s rc.S in the 14.1 template. I’ve put a copy of my attempt here:rc.S.new
Alternatively, if you are feeling very confident, you can create your own Slackware 14.2 template, using AlienBOB’s script create_slackware_openvz_template.sh and Weber K.’s comment from Alien Pastures (see October 10, 2016 at 11:32).
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