未加星标

How to Create Multiple Subdirectories with One Linux Command

字体大小 | |
[系统(linux) 所属分类 系统(linux) | 发布者 店小二05 | 时间 2016 | 作者 红领巾 ] 0人收藏点击收藏

How to Create Multiple Subdirectories with One Linux Command

If you want to create a directory containing several subdirectories, or a directory tree, using the command line in linux, generally you have to use the mkdir command several times. However, there is a faster way to do this.

Let’s say we’vecreated a directory called htg, and wanted to create four subdirectories within it. In a normal situation, we’d usethe mkdir command to create the htg directory. Then, we’d need the cd command to change to the new htg directory and, finally, we used the mkdir command again four times to create the four subdirectories.


How to Create Multiple Subdirectories with One Linux Command

This can all be combined into one command, and we’ll show you how.

To create a new directory withmultiplesubdirectories you only need to type the following commandat the prompt and press Enter (obviously, change the directory names to what you want).

mkdir -p htg/{articles,images,note,done}

The -p flag tells the mkdir command to create the main directory first if it doesn’t already exist (htg, in our case). The words in the brackets are part of the “brace expansion list”. Each of the items in the brace expansion list is appended separately to the preceding path (htg/).


How to Create Multiple Subdirectories with One Linux Command

For example, the above command is expanded into htg/articles, htg/images, htg/note, htg/done, all four of the subdirectories being created under the htg directory. As you can see in the screenshot below, it worked.


How to Create Multiple Subdirectories with One Linux Command

You can also use a brace expansion list in the mkdir command if you’re creating subdirectories in a directory that already exists, as shown below. In this example, the htg directory already exists so the subdirectories are simply added under that directory.


How to Create Multiple Subdirectories with One Linux Command

You can also nest brace expansion lists in the mkdir command. For example, in the articles subdirectory under the htg directory, we want to create two subdirectories called new and rewritten. So, we type the following command at the prompt and press Enter.

mkdir -p htg/{articles/{new,rewrites},images,notes,done}

Youcan also use the full path if you want, as I’ve done in the example below:

mkdir -p ~/Documents/htg/{articles/{new,rewrites},images,notes,done}

The four subdirectories are created under the htg directory and then the two subdirectories, new and rewrites, are created under the articles subdirectory.


How to Create Multiple Subdirectories with One Linux Command

It’s that easy. You can also combine the mkdir command with the cd command to make a directory and change to it with one command .

本文系统(linux)相关术语:linux系统 鸟哥的linux私房菜 linux命令大全 linux操作系统

主题: Linux
分页:12
转载请注明
本文标题:How to Create Multiple Subdirectories with One Linux Command
本站链接:http://www.codesec.net/view/481473.html
分享请点击:


1.凡CodeSecTeam转载的文章,均出自其它媒体或其他官网介绍,目的在于传递更多的信息,并不代表本站赞同其观点和其真实性负责;
2.转载的文章仅代表原创作者观点,与本站无关。其原创性以及文中陈述文字和内容未经本站证实,本站对该文以及其中全部或者部分内容、文字的真实性、完整性、及时性,不作出任何保证或承若;
3.如本站转载稿涉及版权等问题,请作者及时联系本站,我们会及时处理。
登录后可拥有收藏文章、关注作者等权限...
技术大类 技术大类 | 系统(linux) | 评论(0) | 阅读(32)