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How to make a copy of a virtual machine running Windows in Azure

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[系统(windows) 所属分类 系统(windows) | 发布者 店小二04 | 时间 2016 | 作者 红领巾 ] 0人收藏点击收藏

I was called upon recently to help a customer create copies of some of their windows virtual machines. The idea was to quickly deploy copies of these hosts at any time as opposed to using a system image or point in time copy.

The following PowerShell will therefore allow you to make a copy or clone of a Windows virtual machine from another’s disks in Azure Resource Manager mode .

Create a new virtual machine from a copy of the disks of another

Having finalized the configuration of the source virtual machine the steps required are as follows.

Stop the source virtual machine, then using Storage Explorer copy it’s disks to a new location and rename them in line with the target name of the new virtual machine.

Run the following in PowerShell making the required configuration changes.

Login-AzureRmAccount Get-AzureRmSubscription SubscriptionName "<subscription-name>" | Select-AzureRmSubscription $location = (get-azurermlocation | out-gridview -passthru).location $rgName = "<resource-group>" $vmName = "<vm-name>" $nicname = "<nic-name>" $subnetID = "<subnetID>" $datadisksize = "<sizeinGB>" $vmsize = (Get-AzureLocation | Where-Object { $_.name -eq "East US"}).VirtualMachineRoleSizes | out-gridview -passthru $osDiskUri = "https://<storage-acccount>.blob.core.windows.net/vhds/<os-disk-name.vhd>" $dataDiskUri = "https://<storage-acccount>.blob.core.windows.net/vhds/<data-disk-name.vhd>"

Notes: The URIs above belong to the copies not the original disks and the SubnetID refers to it’s resource ID.

$nic = New-AzureRmNetworkInterface -Name $nicname -ResourceGroupName $rgName -Location $location -SubnetId $subnetID $vmConfig = New-AzureRmVMConfig -VMName $vmName -VMSize $vmsize $vm = Add-AzureRmVMNetworkInterface -VM $vmConfig -Id $nic.Id $osDiskName = $vmName + "os-disk" $vm = Set-AzureRmVMOSDisk -VM $vm -Name $osDiskName -VhdUri $osDiskUri -CreateOption attach -Windows $dataDiskName = $vmName + "data-disk" $vm = Add-AzureRmVMDataDisk -VM $vm -Name $dataDiskName -VhdUri $dataDiskUri -Lun 0 -Caching 'none' -DiskSizeInGB $datadisksize -CreateOption attach New-AzureRmVM -ResourceGroupName $rgName -Location $location -VM $vm

List virtual machines in a resource group.

$vmList = Get-AzureRmVM -ResourceGroupName $rgName $vmList.Name

Having run the above you should log on to your newly created host in order to make whatever changes are required such as it’s name and rejoin it to any domain you want it to be a member of.

本文系统(windows)相关术语:三级网络技术 计算机三级网络技术 网络技术基础 计算机网络技术

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